Tuesday, April 8, 2014
Philip Mathews Revolutionary War Pension application
In order to obtain the benefits of the act of Congress passed June 7th 1832 ---
State of Georgia
On this the thirteenth day of January eighteen hundred and forty five personally appears in open Court before the Justices of the Inferior Court of said County now sitting Phillip Mathews a resident of Crawford County State of Georgia aged about eighty three years, who being duly sworn according to Law, does on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of an act of Congress passed June 7th 1832. That he entered the Service as a drafted Militia man in the United States Service and served as here in stated, that he entered the Service under Captain William Robb, Colonel John Pierson Command the regisment in the South Carolina militia from Fairfield District he thinks in the month of May seventeen hundred and eighty one (1781) for a three months term and served out his time faithfully and was discharged about the first of August that year but that he received no written discharge. That he again entered the Service Seventeen hundred and eighty two for a three months tour as a drafted militia man, under Captain William Hughs and Commanded by Colonel John Perrson. He served a tour of three months and was discharged but received no written discharge. That he resided in the State of South Carolina Fairfield district when he entered the service that he marched from his residence to Orangburg Court house about eighty miles distance, the first Tour and was stationed there during the Tour but was ordered on a number of expeditions in teh surrounding country during this time. The Second tour he was marched from his residence to a place called the four holes or the four hole Bridge about the distance of eighty miles where he was stationed and remained during the three months except for occasional expeditions in the surrounding country; that he has no documentary evidence by which to prove the above narrated service but can prove these by one living witness to wit, one Thomas Nelson now residing in the county of Pike in the State of Georgia and whose testimony he begs leave herewith to submit.
Interrogatories propounded by the Court
1st Question. Where and in what year were you born? (over)
1st Answer. I was borned in Buckingham County in the State of Virginia and to the best of my recollection in the year 1760.
2nd Q. Have you any record of your age. If yea where is it
2nd A. I recollect having seen a record of my age but it has long since been lost or destroyed.
3rd Q. Where were you living when called in to Service? Where have you been living since the revolutonary war? And where do you now live?
3rd A. I was living in Fairfield District South Carolina when I was called into the service each time. I lived in Fairfield District South Carolina until about the year 1824 at which time I moved to Crawford County Georgia where I have lived up to the present time.
4th Q. How were you called in to the service, were you drafted? Did volunteer or were you a substitute and if a substitute for whom,
4th A. I was drafted each time and did not volunteer or substitute.
5th Q. State some of the names of the regular officers were were with the regular troops when you served such Continental and militia regiments as you can recollect and the general circumstances of your services?
5th A. While we were stationed at Orangburge General Green General Winn and General Sumpter all visited our Camps. I suppose for the purpose of inspecting our troops. Colonel Lacys regiment or a part of it was there (of the militia) there were no continental troops with us as he now recollects while stationed at or near Orangeburg. When General Green came he commanded or ordered a seige by strategem [one word] in such manner as to induce the enemy to believe that we were sufficiently strong to storm their fortress by mounting pieces of wood to which he intended should appear to the enemy as field pieces. And in a short time the enemy surrendered the fortress and themselves as prisoners of war. Some of the prisoners were paroled and the remainder marched to Camden as near as I can recollect. (over)
6th Q. Did you ever receive a regular discharge from the service? If yea by whom was it granted? And what has become of it?
6th A. I never received a regular written discharge. Our company received an oral discharge each tour and each time by relief taking our place.
7th Q. State the name of several persons to whom you are known in your present and immediate neighborhood and who can testify as to your character for veracity and their belief of your services as a revolutionary soldier.
7th A. I am known to Patrick M. Calhoun and Phillip J. Echols.
And he hereby relinquishes all and every claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present and declares that his name is not on the pension roll of the agency in any state, Sworn to and subscribed;
[Signed] Thos C. Howard J I C [or JJC] [Signed] Philip Mathews
[Signed] Lewis F. Hicks J I C
[Signed] John B. Grace J I C
We Patrick M. Calhoun a clergyman residing in the County of Crawford and State of Georgia and Phillip J. Echols, residing in the same County and State, hereby certify that we are well acquainted with Phillip Mathews who has subscribed and sworn to the above declaration, that we believe him to be eighty four years old, that he is reputed and believed in the neighborhood where lives, to have been a Revolutionary soldier and we concur in that opinion. Sworn to and subscribed the day and year aforesaid.
[Signed] Thos. C. Howard JIC [Signed] Patrick M. Calhoun M.G.
[Signed] Lewis F. Hicks JIC [Signed] Philip J. Echols
[Signed] John B. Grace JIC